This study aimed at analysing the likely route and extent of human exposure to carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via inhalation for a set of representative CNT-containing products in a lifecycle perspective. As part of the study, a review of all available CNT-containing products was carried out, and a representative subset of the products was identified for exposure analysis. The three CNT-containing products selected for the study included lithium-ion batteries, epoxy adhesive resins, and textiles.
Nanomaterials Safety & EHS/OHS Policy
Development of policies related to Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) and for Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) need to be underpinned by scientific data. Promotion of science- and technology-based support for the safe and reliable advance and commercialisation of nanotechnologies is a core aim for NIA. Particularly important in achieving this is advanced collaboration both within the industrial community and between all stakeholders of nanotechnologies, in order to ultimately secure the societal and environmental benefits of nanotechnology.
Activities and Projects to which NIA actively participates related to EHS and OHS policies are listed below.
The OECD Working Party of Manufactured Nanomaterials (OECD WPMN), established in 2006 under the OECD Chemicals Committee, focuses on issues related to nanomaterials impacting human and environmental health and safety; it comprises both governmental delegates from those ministries and agencies, which are responsible for the human and environmental health and policies and regulation, as
While there are standard procedures for product life cycle analysis, exposure, hazard, and risk assessment for traditional chemicals, is not yet clea how these procedures need to be modified to address all the novel properties of nanomaterials. There is a need to develop specific reference methods for all the main steps in managing the potential risk of ENM. The aim of MARINA is to develop such methods. MARINA will address the four central themes in the risk management paradigm for ENM: Materials, Exposure, Hazard and Risk.
The aim of the NanoDetect project was recommend a way forward on how to tackle the challenge of engineered nanomaterial detection in the environment. To achieve this, a review of available analytical techniques for the characterisation and detection of engineered nanomaterials, as well as labelling and tagging tools used in nanomedicine and nanotoxicology was performed.
The PROSPEcT Project (PROSPEcT: Ecotoxicology Test Protocols for Representative Nanomaterials in Support of the OECD Sponsorship Programme) is a 50:50 Public-Private-Partnership between the Nanotechnology Industries Association (NIA), specific NIA Member-Companies, several university laboratories, leading in the research of nanoparticle detection and exoctoxicology, and the UK Government (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Technology Strategy Board, Engineering and Physical Sciences Resear
The NANEX project aimed to develop a catalogue of generic and specific exposure scenarios for Manufactured Nanomaterials (MNMs) relevant for human exposure taking account of the entire lifecycle of these materials. NANEX collected and reviewed available exposure information and developed a set of generic exposure scenarios for three very relevant MNMs:
The two RIP-oN projects (RIP-oN2 and RIP-oN3) are independent projects funded by the Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP) of the European Commission’s Directorate General Joint Research Centre (JRC) to a consortium led by SAFENANO (Institute of Occupational Medicine), and including the Nanotechnology Industries Association,